Mushrooms would be the exposed fleshly fruiting body of some natural fungi which are widely distributed with a wide selection of shape, color, and sizes. The plants are very wealthy in protein, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and carbohydrates. Mushrooms are low in fat and the fiber is starch-free.
Mushroom production is quite distinctive from growing another existing green plants; this is because it generally does not contain any chlorophyll and therefore depend on other plants material, the substrate for food.
Growing mushrooms takes a good knowledge and some skill but the benefits far overshadow the efforts involved.
Steps in mushroom production
1. Choosing a growing medium 2.Pasteurizing or sterilizing the medium 3.Seeding the beds with spawn (material from mature mushrooms grown on sterile media 4.Maintaining optimal temperature, moisture, and other conditions for mycelium growth and the conditions that favors fruiting 5.Harvesting, packaging, and selling the mushrooms 6.Clearing the facility and beginning again.
The most effective mushrooms to be produced
White mushrooms: – like all mushrooms, grow from microscopic spores, not seeds. Spores to be used must be collected in the nearly sterile environment and then used to inoculate grains or seeds to create spawn(the spawn is similar to seed that produce mushroom), because mushrooms have no chlorophyll, they need to get all their nutrients from organic matter within their growing medium called substrate usually formulated of numerous materials such as for instance straws, cotton seed, gypsum, corn cobs, cocoa seed hulls, etc. the substrate is where in actuality the mushrooms will fruit and must be sterilized or pasteurized to be able to destroy any fungal or bacterial competitors.
Preparation of the substrate takes about 1-2 weeks. Buy k2 spray Online The spawn worked into the substrate and the growing take devote specially constructed houses, where heat and humidity could be regulated. In 2-3 weeks, the substrate becomes full of the root structure of the mushroom called mycelium.At the period, peat moss is spread on the compost the temperature and humidity of the room must be carefully controlled to ensure that the mycelium to develop fully. Eventually, tiny white protrusions form on the mycelium through peat moss called pinning.The pins continue to grow, becoming the mushroom caps, which would be the fruit of the plants. It requires 17-25days to create mature mushrooms after the peat moss is applied. Sizes are no indication of maturity in mushrooms. Ripe ones vary from small buttons to large caps. Each crop is harvested over a period of several weeks. The harvested mushrooms are set in carts, refrigerators, and then packaged and shipped quickly to food processors, supermarkets, and restaurants. All the procedure from the time of preparing the substrate till the mushrooms harvested and shipped takes about 3 months.
Oyster mushrooms: – they need more humidity and outdoors than the white variety. They grow well on a variety of agricultural and wood waste products including hardwood chips, chopped cereal straws or corn cobs. Following the growing medium is pasteurized and cooled, then inoculate, that’s blended with spawn and packed right into a plastic bags. Holes are punched in the bags to allow the mycelia to breathe and the bags are hung up or set on racks in the growing rooms. After about 14 days, the mushrooms pop out through the holes and could be harvested.
Shiitake mushrooms: – are grown on logs, either inside or outside. They can be grown on compressed sawdust logs or in bottles or bags. The logs are carefully handled to avoid soil contact and damage to the bark, which will help to prevent contamination by competing fungi. Inoculate the logs with spawn, after inoculation; the spawn develops a thread-like network called mycelium growing through the entire log. During this time, you must protect the logs from dehydration by sunlight and wind. Spray or mist the logs to steadfastly keep up the humidity necessary to help keep the mycelium alive and growing. The mycelium will initiate tiny pinheads at the surface of the log. The pinheads grow into mushrooms within the next couple of days. Harvest must be done after to earn the best price for the mushrooms.