Fans of Super Mario play with them. Doctors study them. Chefs around the world cook with them. They seem overnight, disappear just as fast and leave no trace of the visit. Students with this world are called mycologists and now, the fungus is being looked at as a possible treatment for cancer, PTSD-post-traumatic stress disorder and some psychological disorders.
Mushrooms, sometimes called toadstools, are fleshy bodies of fungus that grow above ground on soil or on a food source. They’re separated from the plant world in a kingdom all their particular called Myceteae because they do not contain chlorophyll like green plants.
Without the process of photosynthesis, some mushrooms obtain nutrients by breaking down organic matter or by feeding from higher plants. They are called decomposers. Another sector attacks living plants to kill and consume them and they are called parasites. Edible and poisonous varieties are mycorrhizal and are observed on or near roots of trees such as oaks, pines and firs.
For humans, mushrooms may do certainly one of three things-nourish, heal or poison. Few are benign. Buy magic mushrooms The three hottest edible versions with this’meat of the vegetable world’will be the oyster, morel and chanterelles.
They’re used extensively in cuisine from China, Korea, Japan and India. Actually, China may be the world’s largest producer cultivating over half all mushrooms consumed worldwide. All the edible variety inside our supermarkets have already been grown commercially on farms and include shiitake, portobello and enoki.
Eastern medicine, especially traditional Chinese practices, has used mushrooms for centuries. In the U.S., studies were conducted in the early’60s for possible ways to modulate the defense mechanisms and to inhibit tumor growth with extracts used in cancer research.
Mushrooms were also used ritually by the natives of Mesoamerica for tens and thousands of years. Called the’flesh of the gods’by Aztecs, mushrooms were widely consumed in religious ceremonies by cultures through the Americas. Cave paintings in Spain and Algeria depict ritualized ingestion dating back as far as 9000 years. Questioned by Christian authorities on both parties of the Atlantic, psilocybin use was suppressed until Western psychiatry rediscovered it after World War II.
A 1957 article in Life Magazine titled “Seeking the Magic Mushroom” spurred the interest of America. The next year, a Swiss scientist named Albert Hofman, identified psilocybin and psilocin since the active compounds in the’magic’mushrooms. This prompted the creation of the Harvard Psilocybin Project led by American psychologist Timothy Leary at Harvard University to review the results of the compound on humans.
In the quarter century that followed, 40,000 patients got psilocybin and other hallucinogens such as LSD and mescaline. More than 1,000 research papers were produced. Once the federal government took notice of the growing subculture ready to accept adopting the employment, regulations were enacted.
The Nixon Administration began regulations, including the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. Regulations created five schedules of increasing severity under which drugs were to be classified. Psilocybin was place in probably the most restrictive schedule I along side marijuana and MDMA. Each was defined as having a “high potential for abuse, no currently acceptable medical use and a lack of accepted safety.”
This ended the research for almost 25 years until recently when studies opened for potential use within working with or resolving PTSD-post-traumatic stress disorder along side anxiety issues. At the time of June 2014, whole mushrooms or extracts have already been studied in 32 human clinical trials registered with the U.S. National Institutes of Health because of their potential effects on a variety of diseases and conditions. Some maladies being addressed include cancer, glaucoma, immune functions and inflammatory bowel disease.
The controversial area of research is the use of psilocybin, a naturally occurring chemical in certain mushrooms. Its ability to greatly help people struggling with psychological disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD and anxiety are still being explored. Psilocybin has also been shown to work in treating addiction to alcohol and cigarettes in certain studies.